Çıkış Tarihi     : 26 Haziran 2017 Pazartesi, Yapım Yılı : 2017
Türü                : 
Yapımcı          :  IMDb Originals
Yönetmen       : Matt Detisch (IMDB)
Senarist          : Matt Detisch (IMDB),Alex Logan (IMDB),Bill Rwehera (IMDB)
Oyuncular      : Luca Guadagnino (IMDB)(ekşi), Kevin Smith (IMDB)(ekşi)

Director's Trademarks ' Dizisinin Konusu :
Director's Trademarks is a TV series starring Luca Guadagnino and Kevin Smith. Filmmakers often thread their films with bold visuals, unique characters, creative color schemes, and more to create one-of-a-kind movie-going...


  • "(bkz: o paraya öküz alırız)"
  • "(bkz: www.seniyenecegimeykoca.istanbul)"
  • "bunun için icann'e yaptıkları başvuruda kişisel bir gmail adresi vermeleri de göz kamaştırıcı kurumsallık göstergesi bu arada."
  • ".islam şehadet getirilmeden alınmayacağına göre muhtemelen baban nereli sorusuna istanbullu diyemeyenler de bu domaini alamayabilir."




Facebook Yorumları
  • comment image

    50 karaktere takılmayan hali "istanbul büyükşehir belediyesinin .ist ve .istanbul alan adı uzantılarını kullanabilmek için internet corporation for assigned names and numbers (icann) a 370 bin dolar ödemesi" olan ve .islam uzantılı sitelere girişte şehadet getirilmesi gerekliliği ile ilgili haberde asıl ilgimi çeken ayrıntıdır.

    .ist ve .istanbul ile anlatılıp da normal alan adlarıyla anlatılamayacak ne vardı acaba da 370 bin dolar alan adı kaydına ödendi, merak ediyorum.


    (karsus - 23 Temmuz 2012 12:06)

  • comment image

    ibb'mize yakışır eylem.
    bence ibb, şimdiden ayda birkaç arsa da kapatmalı. şunun şurasında birkaç yıl yüzyıl sonra ayda üretilecek aybüs'lerden almak için göndereceğimiz heyet ay otellerinde sürünmesin. ibb lojmanlarında kalırlar.
    arsa alımı için aracılık yapabilirim.


    (yalnux - 23 Temmuz 2012 12:22)

  • comment image

    .islam şehadet getirilmeden alınmayacağına göre muhtemelen baban nereli sorusuna istanbullu diyemeyenler de bu domaini alamayabilir.


    (tolginho - 23 Temmuz 2012 12:45)

  • comment image

    .ist alan adi uzantisinin, -ist sonekinin (emin degilim dogru terim bu mudur...) kullanimi sebebiyle bolca tercih edilmesi eger ibb'ye gelir saglayacaksa mantikli hamledir. ornegin harun yahya hocamiz hemen darwin.ist alan adini alacaktir. kacar mi?


    (mrsa - 23 Temmuz 2012 12:56)

  • comment image

    başvuru metninin tamamı:

    --- spoiler ---

    new gtld application submitted to icann by: istanbul metropolitan municipality
    string: istanbul
    originally posted: 13 june 2012
    application id: 1-896-81048

    applicant information

    1. full legal name
    istanbul metropolitan municipality

    2. address of the principal place of business
    mehmet nesih ozmen mah. kasim sok. no. 62
    merter
    istanbul gungoren 34010
    tr

    3. phone number
    +90 212 4494520

    4. fax number
    +90 212 4494526

    5. if applicable, website or url
    http://www.ibb.gov.tr/

    primary contact

    6(a). name
    ms. gozde seker

    6(b). title
    project and business development manager

    6(c). address

    6(d). phone number
    +90 532 5802386

    6(e). fax number

    6(f). email address
    gozdevardar@gmail.com

    secondary contact

    7(a). name
    ms. cigdem algun

    7(b). title
    project and business development manager

    7(c). address

    7(d). phone number
    90 535 819 30 20

    7(e). fax number

    7(f). email address
    cigdem.algun@ibb.gov.tr

    proof of legal establishment

    8(a). legal form of the applicant
    local government (municipality)

    8(b). state the specific national or other jursidiction that defines the type of entity identified in 8(a).
    turkish law defines municipality as local government.

    8(c). attach evidence of the applicant's establishment.
    attachments are not displayed on this form.

    9(a). if applying company is publicly traded, provide the exchange and symbol.

    9(b). if the applying entity is a subsidiary, provide the parent company.

    9(c). if the applying entity is a joint venture, list all joint venture partners.

    applicant background

    11(a). name(s) and position(s) of all directorshakki tok head of it

    11(b). name(s) and position(s) of all officers and partnersharun kaya director of it department
    vedat yurt director of telecommunication department

    11(c). name(s) and position(s) of all shareholders holding at least 15% of shares

    11(d). for an applying entity that does not have directors, officers, partners, or shareholders: name(s) and position(s) of all individuals having legal or executive responsibility

    applied-for gtld string

    13. provide the applied-for gtld string. if an idn, provide the u-label.
    istanbul

    14(a). if an idn, provide the a-label (beginning with "xn--").

    14(b). if an idn, provide the meaning or restatement of the string in english, that is, a description of the literal meaning of the string in the opinion of the applicant.

    14(c). if an idn, provide the language of the label (in english).

    14(c). if an idn, provide the language of the label (as referenced by iso-639-1).

    14(d). if an idn, provide the script of the label (in english).

    14(d). if an idn, provide the script of the label (as referenced by iso 15924).

    14(e). if an idn, list all code points contained in the u-label according to unicode form.

    15(a). if an idn, attach idn tables for the proposed registry.
    attachments are not displayed on this form.

    15(b). describe the process used for development of the idn tables submitted, including consultations and sources used.

    15(c). list any variant strings to the applied-for gtld string according to the relevant idn tables.

    16. describe the applicant's efforts to ensure that there are no known operational or rendering problems concerning the applied-for gtld string. if such issues are known, describe steps that will be taken to mitigate these issues in software and other applications.
    the istanbul metropolitan municipality (the "imm") anticipates the introduction of this tld without operational or rendering problems. based on a decade of experience launching and operating new tlds, afilias, the back-end provider of registry services for this tld, is confident the launch and operation of this tld presents no known challenges. the rationale for this opinion includes:
    - the string is not complex and is represented in standard ascii characters and follows relevant technical, operational and policy standards;
    - the string length is within lengths currently supported in the root and by ubiquitous internet programs such as web browsers and mail applications;
    - there are no new standards required for the introduction of this tld;
    - no onerous requirements are being made on registrars, registrants or internet users, and;
    - the existing secure, stable and reliable afilias srs, dns, whois and supporting systems and staff are amply provisioned and prepared to meet the needs of this tld.

    17. (optional) provide a representation of the label according to the international phonetic alphabet (http://www.langsci.ucl.ac.uk/ipa/).

    mission/purpose

    18(a). describe the mission/purpose of your proposed gtld.
    istanbul, being one of the oldest and magnificent cities of the world, is now excited to add one more gem to its unique richness. istanbul assumes the title of a prestigious tld registry, in addition to its numerous titles as a precious center of arts, science, culture, history and tolerance in the world.

    the .istanbul tld's mission is to encourage innovation, improve service levels of government institutes and enterprises, assist residents in locating city government services, help local businesses to thrive, market and promote tourism in the istanbul, and spread the dynamic image and the brand value of istanbul around the world. through the introduction of a new unrestricted top-level domain name, serving as new resources for local and global enterprises and entrepreneurs, will provide the istanbul metropolitan municipality (the "imm") and portfolio owners with new opportunities to generate new income and will support the development of the city and economy as well as introducing the cultural and historical heritage of istanbul to the world.

    new revenue streams

    the tld will enable the imm to generate new income streams by licensing second-level domain names to local businesses, citizens, visitors, non-profits, and other organizations no matter whether they are turkish citizens or not. in addition, with locally branded affiliations city portals' administrations will be able to extend the imm's revenue opportunities from the physical world to the virtual. these new ways and new revenue-generating possibilities will enable a considerable resource for the imm to support its services for the public and city development as well as to support its unique initiatives for tourism and economic development.

    by providing new revenue streams and business opportunities for local and global businesses and entrepreneurs as well as for the city government, the tld will support economic growth and development on a large scale primarily in domestic and subsequently in foreign markets.

    increased recognition

    the tld will help to reinforce the visibility of the istanbul by becoming the "official" internet resource for citizens and visitors. it will potentially become a high-profile virtual space to connect people who loves istanbul, discuss ideas, support diverse ethnic and cultural groups, and enable citizens to interact with civic departments, public officials, and city's representatives.

    istanbul is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. its history dates back to thousands of years possessing the invaluable treasures of ancient times. it was home to many civilizations, and has preserved the cultures peacefully. it keeps the best examples of urbanism, architecture, art and culture. it is an exceptional global city preserving the cultural properties of ancient times which are still safe and standing.

    by the mission of having such an extraordinary treasure, our aim is to introduce history of istanbul, spread information about its unique values and increase awareness of istanbul around the world. this tld will create a global resource for this precious city, which will bring information for the next generations.

    throughout its history, istanbul has always affected the world and it still does. we believe that this tld will support to increase brand awareness, recognition, and reputation of the istanbul around the world. in this sense, it will support to promote and market tourism and culture in the istanbul globally.

    enhanced online profile, security, control and trust

    the tld will make it easier for citizens to access their local administration with simple, remarkable and memorable web sites and email addresses. we believe that this will support to use of available e-government applications and improve communication and interaction between local government and citizens. in addition, the tld will enable the city administrations to launch new e-government initiatives, inform citizens about emergencies, and advertise services, tourism, local events, public transportation, legislation, and local issues. therefore, it will empower and drive new interaction ways for citizens and government employees.

    the administration of the tlds by the imm will also help improve trust and confidence. every entity with a second-level domain name, from the largest organization to individuals, could potentially benefit from the potential prestige, visibility, and authenticity conferred by the tlds.

    in addition to creating awareness in foreign countries, this tld proposal which has been prepared and developed by the light of the recent, actual and experienced processes and policies of the registries with assistance of its back-end registry service provider, is the strongest support for the objective of istanbul to become a world brand.

    in the future, we believe that “.istanbul” tld will be an engine of innovation that will support the growth and development of all people, all the enterprises and entrepreneurs across the world, particularly in istanbul and turkey.

    furthermore, we believe that istanbul has to take a part of this program. istanbul which leads the world cities, competes with other cities in every platform with its population, history, culture structure, cosmopolitan status and economic power, deserves the participation in this program and operate this new tlds. in order to achieve this process and management of tld registry successfully, all public and government institutes and agencies of istanbul will be mobilized and will make all necessary sacrifices in every aspect of the tlds operations.

    summary of key headlines about istanbul

    kadir topbas, mayor of istanbul (turkey), president of united cities and local governments (uclg)
    - in march 2004 he run for mayor of istanbul and was elected with a vast majority of votes. he was re-elected in 2009 with a larger majority.
    - he served as president of mewa (middle east west asia) and vice-president of uclg between 2004 and 2007, and was co-president of uclg from 2007 to 2010. in november 2010 he was also elected as the president of the uclg for a term of 3 years, and he is currently serving as the president of uclg.

    location and population
    - with a history of 8.500 years, istanbul's location is strategically important for balkans, caucasia and the asia.
    - istanbul has two strategic air ports in terms of geopolitical location. access to 3 continents, about 75 countries and 2,7 billion people by 4-5 hours of flight from istanbul. 43 million people travel by air per year with 1,056 flights per day.
    - a city with a scale of a country's. istanbul is larger than 23 european countries with its geography and population of 13 million people. 37% of the total population comprises young people in 25-39 ages group.

    economy and market
    - istanbul generates about 23% of turkey's gross national product (gnp). its annual contribution to the state budget is about 40%.
    - according to a recent survey in global metropolitan economies*, istanbul ranked number one developing city among 150 great metropolises such as singapore (4), rio de janeiro (10), moscow (47), chicago (82) and paris (96).
    - according to a research in the world's richest cities* indicated interesting results, with istanbul surpassing 127 countries with its $133 billion yearly income.

    history, culture and tourism
    - istanbul is an unesco world heritage city.
    - awarded the title of european capital of culture 2010.
    - awarded the title of european capital of sport 2012.
    - istanbul is the strongest candidate city to 2020 olympic games.
    - istanbul ranked 49th in congress tourism in 1998, and today it ranks 7th with hosting over 100 congresses.
    - in istanbul, 1 billion 997 million tl of investment were made in the field of culture and tourism between the years of 2004-2012.

    * resources and detailed headlines are provided at the question #48 funding and revenue as attachment48d4.

    18(b). how do you expect that your proposed gtld will benefit registrants, internet users, and others?
    we totally agree with icann: new gtlds will change the way people find information on the internet and how businesses plan and structure their online presence.

    by the light of this vision, we believe that the proposed tlds will provide numerous benefits to the registrants, internet users and others who want to become a part of the istanbul. however, these we mentioned in this content are only limited by our imagination.

    the istanbul metropolitan municipality (the "imm") has a powerful budget and capabilities to support these tlds in every aspect. we as the imm, have a strong advertisement infrastructure, media vehicles and powerful market, and above all we truly believe the success of the tlds.

    at first glance, the proposed tld offers benefits to city tourism, small-to mid businesses, entrepreneurs, and global corporations with a presence in the city. it will provide connections that facilitate innovation enabling people to create and sell their services and products to one another and the world. most importantly, creative use of the internet's naming and networking features will facilitate transparency, collaboration, and trust helping the city grow as a global economic force.

    the imm intends to market the proposed tlds as a truly prestigious strings that can be embraced and utilized by an individual, entrepreneurs, enterprises, and organizations whether located in istanbul, or not. by positioning the proposed tld as a truly prestigious string and by providing an entirely new pool of domain names for registration, the proposed tld will open the possibility of domain name registration to a far greater number of people.

    new name space

    although this market is currently served by existing gtlds and cctlds, as a practical matter many of the most popular commonly-known and utilized words and phrases have already been registered. accordingly, new registrants must have the financial resources sufficient either to conduct a major marketing campaign for an uncommon phrase or to purchase a previously registered domain name at a substantial price. it created a aggressive competition between people, businesses and organizations with the same name. number of domain name disputes are growing, and the name space for generic names is getting tight since a lot of companies register many gtlds and cctlds when launching a business or product. this limits the ability of the internet to continue to expand into a truly global medium. in this context, the proposed tld will calm this competition down, since a nearly infinite number of new combinations will be available with it.

    through the introduction of a new tld, the imm will provide registrants with a fresh set of domain names eligible for registration. although the imm expects that some registrants of existing gtlds domain names will quickly move to register an equivalent name in the new tld, the imm expects that the majority of registrants will not apply for duplicative registrations, leaving many domain names free for registration by entirely new registrants. the most important goal of proposed tlds is to provide a new fresh name space for local brands to encourage them becoming a part of the virtual world.

    the new turkish commerce code, which will start a new era in the turkish economy.

    the new turkish commercial code (the “ntcc”), which will be effective from 1 july 2012, is a change that will direct the course of commercial life in our country, a real “regulation for the future”. the tcc was adopted by the turkish parliament on 13 january 2011 and promulgated in the official gazette on 14 february 2011. in summary, the ntcc redefines the rules governing commercial life in turkey, with a modern approach that will help take turkey to the next level in terms of transparency, auditability and reliability. additional notes regarding to ntcc is provided at the question #49c contingency planning - volumes as attachment 49c.

    in accordance with the principle of transparency at the ntcc, all equity capital companies are obliged to found a web site, and if such a site is available, to allocate a section of the web site to the use of shareholders and society. the web site shall include all the reports and all the relevant data concerning creditors and investors; primarily all announcements that should be legally made by the company, annual reports, financial statements and audit reports. penalties and sanctions shall apply if the company fail to fulfil these obligations.

    in this context, we believe that proposed tlds in parallel with the ntcc's goals will have a important role on creation of an information society by providing a new name space for businesses, marketing and introducing this new tlds.

    benefits for the local business and trademarks

    primarily, we believe that this tld will assist local merchants based in istanbul to be able to brand their businesses as located in the istanbul. the small business community is a vital part of the istanbul economy and any opportunity to increase their exposure while facilitating easy searching online is a step forward. the following list summarizes benefits for the businesses:
    - short, descriptive, and memorable domain names will be available for the city's businesses. many local businesses will have the opportunity to reclaim their traditional and familiar names within the proposed tld.
    - the new set of domain names will reduce the current time consuming task of locating a good domain name, provide identity, and promote "findability" through the intuitive names and search engine optimization, helping city businesses rise to the top of search engines results.
    - the proposed tlds will provide local identity for companies using the same name used in other cities.
    - global companies with a city presence will choose a local tld for more focused communication such as to let residents know of their local jobs, distributors, concerts, and community events they sponsor.

    by encouraging domain name registration by a large audience both national and international, the proposed tld will foster to improve service levels of both local and global businesses and government institutes. the tld will able to enable government institutes to launch new e-government initiatives by a modern communication infrastructure and thereby it will ease the interaction of the city government and institutions with residents, organizations and businesses. self-explaining urls with content users expect will make the city's resources readily available and easier to locate by the regional, national and international audience. in addition, global and local businesses will be able to market and promote their events, new products and services for a targeted audience under a city brand.

    by increasing navigation, the proposed tld will obviously provide localization for areas of specialty such as hospitality, culture and education. therefore accessibility of trusted-information will become easier than ever. in addition, the tld will enable the imm to generate new income streams which will enable a considerable resource for the imm to support its services for the public and city development as well as to support its unique initiatives for tourism and economic development.

    our proposed tlds goals are to foster businesses and government institutes to develop new methods to reach and communicate their targeted audience.

    reputation

    we believe that proposed tlds will support to increase brand awareness, recognition, and reputation of the istanbul around the world. in this sense, it will support to promote and market tourism and culture in the istanbul globally.

    the tld will ease the marketing of the city brand and city image to residents, tourists, businesses and investors from all over the globe with every domain name, e-mail, and web site. all of them will be associated with the city, and people will be reminded of our great city, and dream of their next visit. the tld will create a unique local identity for citizens, companies, organizations and institutions and also provide a opportunity for local business to market their brands under a world city brand.

    our proposed tld, which will boost importance and richness of istanbul, goals is to support economic growth of the city by providing a new vehicle for city tourism. once the ".istanbul" and ".ist" tlds are launched, individuals and local business owners will be able to uniquely associate themselves and their business with their home, and the istanbul brand. they will be able to choose their online presence, how they want to represent themselves, with ist brand short-form of istanbul or istanbul brand.

    the both proposed tlds will be a source of prestige for istanbul. istanbul will be honored to recognize with its own tld in the country and in the worldwide.

    competition

    one of the central goals of the introduction of new tlds is to create competition between existing cctlds and gtlds and registry operators, as such competition will inevitably benefit the public. by definition, the more competitors there are in any given market, the greater the opportunities for competition in that market.

    the introduction of a new tld managed by the imm and its experienced back-end registry operator will also create competition for the existing gtlds, cctlds and their registry operators. this competition will drive each registry operator to improve its services and pricing and thereby benefit the entire internet community.

    new gtlds will also create additional choices for consumers, and thus foster competition between the proposed tlds and the existing unrestricted and restricted gtlds and cctlds. such competition will benefit consumers as it will encourage all registries to offer better services and prices. domain name registrants will for the first time have an opportunity to choose the registry or registries with which they would like to do business.

    the proposed tlds consequently will increase choice and competition for the regional city community in an environment of national and international competition on investments.

    accordingly, we expect from icann to examine the degree to which the introduction of a new gtld encourages competition between tld registry operators, and the effects of such competition. although the impact of competition in a marketplace may be difficult to measure over a short time period, the imm will make its best effort to have the desired effect.

    finally, we expect that icann should study the degree to which effective marketing on the part of a new entrant is necessary to ensure real competition for registration services. if such competition requires an extensive marketing campaign, then only those that have the financial resources to conduct such a campaign should be selected to operate new tlds. the imm has already funded necessary contribution for marketing campaign and has a powerful marketing vehicles with large audience to support proposed tlds advertisement.

    innovation

    one of the important goals of the proposed tld is to leverage innovation and create differentiation globally. the tlds will offer the opportunity to create projects, ideas and new initiatives to individuals, enterprises and organization on a green field.

    we believe that proposed tlds will become an engine of innovation that will enable citizens and istanbul to grow and thrive.

    user experience

    as an unrestricted tld, the proposed tlds will serve businesses and individuals of all countries and classes.

    the proposed tlds will allow registrants the opportunity to establish an international-regional web presence, and reduce the need to register multiple domain names in other tld spaces. domain name registrants may then focus their resources on expanding the reach of their offerings and content, as well as their brand identity. finally, the proposed tlds will enable new registrants to enter the market and register domain names.

    in addition, the tlds will also unite people across the world under a city brand. people who lives, or formerly lived, visited or wants to visit, and do business or looking for business opportunities in istanbul will be able to associate themselves as they are somehow connected to the istanbul. other locations worldwide with the same name, even if small villages or towns, shall also be part of the community. they will profit from the increased visibility of the city name and will have equal rights to register domain names under the tld.

    through .istanbul and .ist tlds, we hope to make the search for istanbul city-related content easier than ever by providing individuals, entrepreneurs, organizations, non-profits and others a chance to own a virtual piece of the greatest city in the world.

    the imm mission

    the imm department of information technologies' mission is to transform the way istanbul city interacts with its residents, businesses, visitors and employees by leveraging technology to improve services and increase transparency, accountability and accessibility across all agencies.

    in addition to imm's mission, 2010-2012 strategic plan by information and communication technologies authority (icta) has three main goals that support the macro scale objective “creation of an information society”, (1) e-transform of public authorities/institutions, (2) widespread use of electronic communication over broadband and (3) efficient information security.

    within this context, goals of proposed tlds are also to support icta strategic goals, launch new e-government initiatives, and increase istanbul reputation globally.

    by marketing and promoting the tlds successfully, the imm hopes to increase electronic communication, internet usage, and awareness of virtual world's opportunities around the country.

    we believe that the proposed tlds will establish a focal point for bringing the benefits of the information society to the city community.
    in recent years, the imm has developed many projects promoting sustainable development in areas of urban transformation, social services for deprived citizens. particularly, ongoing istanbul financial center ("ifc") project to support economic growth, and other innovative systems, will have also significant contribution to support proposed tlds. these major projects will clench the position of istanbul as a global-scale city. istanbul will become the exemplary center of culture and arts, environment, humane living environments and health, sports and technology.

    within this context, strategies towards raising istanbul’s rank among global cities will contribute to the proposed tlds process and basic goal is that istanbul should have its own tld by its diversity of benefits community and quality of brand.

    privacy

    the imm is committed to being a responsible participant in the efforts of the internet community to balance the need for data privacy with the need to provide access to records that allow the public to identity and contact domain name holders. to that end, the imm will strive to maintain open access to registrant information to the extent compatible with applicable privacy laws and the its policy of treating all registrants equitably.
    in addition, via the registry registrar agreement (rra), we will require registrars to post privacy policies that provide clear and complete notice to registrants of the type of data that will be collected and maintained by the imm, the use of such data in operating the registry service, (including display through the whois service), and the registrant's rights to access and correct data maintained by the imm. clear consent to such data practices will be a prerequisite to the submission of a domain name registration request.

    in addition, for each type of whois access (general queries, bulk access and enhanced searches), the imm, via the registrars, will require customers to enter into an agreement prohibiting the customer from using the whois database to send unsolicited e-mail to registrants, solicit them by telephone or use the database for other such commercial purposes.

    the imm and its back-end registry service provider itself will not use the whois service to send unsolicited e-mail to registrants, to solicit registrants by telephone, or to otherwise engage in unauthorized uses of their data.

    the imm's goal is to improve the reliability and responsiveness of the tld registry system at all levels through technological, business and policy advancements.

    registration policies

    the imm will implement a global registration policies to achieve its goals. these are grouped under the following headings:
    1. registry services through experienced, powerful, centralized registry service provider.
    2. start-up period policies (grandfathering, sunrise a, sunrise b, landrush)
    3. registry registrar agreement (rra)

    the imm expects a significant rush for domain name registrations during the period immediately following the initial opening of the tld (the "start-up period"), after the close of the landrush period. in order to roll out the registry in a responsible fashion, and ensure proper and accurate processing of the registrations in a fair manner across all registrars, we will implement the following variations in its registry policies in coordinated with back-end registry service provider during the start-up period which is expected to last for more than four months.

    at least four months (120 days) prior to the proposed tlds being opened to the general public, the imm, in coordination with the intellectual property community, will make a general public announcement with the estimated date that it will open the proposed tld to the general internet community.

    the imm will implement a series of special policies with a detailed launch plan during a "start-up period". the launch plan will be intended to deter abusive and bad faith registrations of proposed tlds domain names and to create a stable and effective launch of proposed tld domain names for the benefit of the internet community on a local and global level.

    schedule for start-up

    the imm will introduce a detailed .tld launch plan which intends to provide for the allocation of domain names in the proposed gtld in a fair, orderly and equitable manner, and described in detailed at question #29 rights protection mechanisms.

    the following list provides a summary of the four phases of the launch plan:
    - phase 1: grandfathering (one month). the imm intend to provide one month timeframe for grandfathering for existing registrants of third level name(s) of .tr cctld.
    - phase 2: sunrise (two months). sunrise “local (a)” for local trademarks, and sunrise “global (b)” for global trademarks.
    - phase 3: landrush (one month): period during which interested parties can seek to register domain names not previously registered through the grandfather process or sunrise process, or otherwise reserved by the registry or restricted by theses launch rules, but where the allocation of domain names is not done on a first-come, first-served basis.
    - phase 4: general availability: as from the start of this phase, domain names that have not been previously registered can be registered on a first-come, first-served basis.

    length of sunrise registrations

    the imm believes that parties seeking domain name registrations during the sunrise periods will select as long a registration term as is available to them, in order to protect their valuable asset as a domain name for as long as possible. therefore, domain name registrations that issue during the sunrise periods will have a minimum term of five years.

    registration

    the registry registrar agreement (rra) will prohibit the purchase of domain names by registrars for any purpose except instances where the registrar has a bona fide intent to use that domain name on its own behalf.

    18(c). what operating rules will you adopt to eliminate or minimize social costs?
    registrars and registrants

    the istanbul metropolitan municipality (the "imm") will offer all registrars that are accredited by icann and certified by its registry service provider the opportunity to register domain names in the proposed tlds. the imm will not restrict the number of qualifying registrars that may register names in the proposed tlds and will treat all qualifying registrars equally.

    domain name registrants may select their registrar of choice for the purpose of registering a domain name in the proposed tld. the imm will not deal directly with domain name registrants.

    registry registrar agreement

    any registrars seeking to register domain names in the proposed tld will be required to execute a registry registrar agreement ("rra"), which will govern the relationship between the registrar and the imm. the agreement will specify the services (i) that imm will provide for the registrars, such as domain name registration services, and full-database whois functionality; and (ii) for which registrars will be responsible, such as providing all customer support functions for domain name registrants.

    the rra will also incorporate a code of conduct encompassing the policies described in this proposal, and a prohibition on the use of the whois database to send unsolicited e-mail to registrants, to solicit registrants by telephone or to use the database for other commercial purposes. as part of the rra, each registrar will be required to demonstrate that it can comply with the technical and administrative requirements of the back-end registry provider's code of conduct. the rra will provide that registrars may not hold themselves out to the public as eligible to submit registrations to the company until they have demonstrated such compliance to the company's satisfaction.
    the rra will also mandate that each registrar enter into a registration agreement with domain name registrants, who will agree to waive any and all claims against the registry.

    furthermore, rra will also prohibit the purchase of domain names by registrars for any purpose except instances where the registrar has a bona fide intent to use that domain name on its own behalf. this provision is in accordance with icann's current policies to prevent registrars from engaging in the wholesale purchase and sale of domain name registrations for their own accounts or the accounts of others.

    termination of registrar

    the rra will enable the imm to reject registration requests from a registrar that is not in compliance with the rra or any imm policy. imm will continue to reject such requests until the registrar ceases its non-compliance. in the event that such non-compliance continues, imm will have the right to terminate the rra. when the rra is terminated by the imm for any reason, the proposed tld domain name registrations managed by that registrar will be reallocated to other registrars in accordance with any applicable icann policy and back-end registry provider policy.

    fees, rebates and marketing fund

    imm does not intend to charge any accreditation or licensing fee to registrars that execute a registry registrar agreement ("rra"). the imm believes that minimizing entry barriers and encouraging all icann-accredited registrars to register domain names in the proposed tld will help imm create demand for the tld and thereby enhance the validity of the tld as a true proof of concept.

    imm will require each registrar to maintain an account with the its registry service provider. the beginning monthly balance of such account should reflect the expected number of monthly domain name registrations submitted by the registrar. back-end registry provider on behalf of imm will collect registration fees from registrars.

    in addition, all registrars, whether registrars of back-end registry provider located in turkey or not, will receive the same services from back-end registry provider and imm at the same price. the imm is committed to equal treatment of all registrars, to ensure that registrars compete in the proposed tlds based on the services they offer and the fees they charge.

    the imm will intend to initiate an annual rebate program. this rebate program is intended to permit all registrars registering names in the new tld to share in the profits associated with the operation of the registry. assuming that the imm has sufficient cash for distribution, registrars registering domain names in the tld in any given year will be entitled to a cash rebate based on the volume of such registrations.

    finally, the imm will intend to make a marketing development fund program on a yearly basis after the third year of tld operations to support its registrars and/or their affiliates and their resellers' marketing activities and strategies. imm will intend to reserve appropriate amount of revenue for this program after the second year of the tld registry operation.

    the institution of this rebate and marketing fund program are meant to confirm imm's belief that the participation of all registrars in the introduction of this tld serves a number of important purposes in the proof of concept phase. first, it will create a level of demand for a tld that will encourage true competition at the registry level. next, it will leverage registrars and their affiliates. finally, it will serve to raise awareness of the istanbul globally.

    the imm will provide the following services and support to its registrar customers:

    1) registration services

    domain name registration
    the imm's core service will focus on registering domain names submitted by our back-end service provider back-end registry provider's icann-accredited registrar customers to its tld registry. back-end registry provider on behalf of the imm will register the domain names submitted by registrars as a general policy for a term ranging from one to ten years, as selected by registrar customers on a first-come/first-serve basis.

    domain name renewal
    the imm will provide domain name renewal services whereby registrars may renew domain names with the registry on behalf of their registrant customers for an additional term, which can range in length from one to ten years in yearly increments. back-end registry provider on behalf of the imm will automatically renew registrations by one year when domain registrations expire. renewals, however, may be canceled by registrars for a refund of the renewal fee within 45 days of the renewal.

    registrar transfer
    when a registrant transfers a registration from one registrar to another, back-end registry provider on behalf of the imm will automatically extend the term of the registration for an additional year.

    2) tld marketing

    the imm will market and brand the new tld firstly countywide and then worldwide. through these marketing efforts, imm will have a great opportunity to create a brand for istanbul that brings the city culture, history, social life and businesses to individuals and business everywhere and it acts to fulfill icann's mission to enhance the functionality and usability of the internet. these marketing efforts are intended to create enhanced global awareness of the istanbul, its culture, and its evolution from a local city to a worldwide metropolis with broad appeal that transcends geographic boundaries.

    in addition to investing in the istanbul brand by advertising it in a range of markets, imm is uniquely positioned to utilize its registrars to market the tld to their registrant customers, triggering a viral, cost-effective marketing campaign.

    3) rebate program

    imm will institute a rebate program during each year of operation. through this rebate program, "active registrars" (defined as those icann-accredited registrars that have registered domain names in the new tld) will be eligible to receive a rebate based on the amount of domain names registered in the registry. imm will allocate appropriate amount of cash on hand to distribute among these active registrars. this amount will be distributed to the registrars in proportion to the number of registrations registered by that registrar during the relevant period.

    4) marketing development fund program

    imm will also intend to make marketing development fund award available to registrars and/or their resellers that launch approved marketing efforts in support of imm’s overall unit and revenue goals for each year of operation. the objectives of the program are to encourage registrars to look for local opportunities and attractive ways to create awareness for proposed tld domain names, such as promote the tld brand in target regions (turkey, emea and etc.) and support the growth and effectiveness of the registrars.

    registrars will be required to participate the program and will be responsible for developing and executing their own marketing materials, creative and plans during this program. the imm will evaluate the marketing plans of the participated registrars and qualified registrars will have a choice of payout for each program period of either a credit to their account or a wire transfer.

    community-based designation

    19. is the application for a community-based tld?
    no

    20(a). provide the name and full description of the community that the applicant is committing to serve.

    20(b). explain the applicant's relationship to the community identified in 20(a).

    20(c). provide a description of the community-based purpose of the applied-for gtld.

    20(d). explain the relationship between the applied-for gtld string and the community identified in 20(a).

    20(e). provide a description of the applicant's intended registration policies in support of the community-based purpose of the applied-for gtld.

    20(f). attach any written endorsements from institutions/groups representative of the community identified in 20(a).
    attachments are not displayed on this form.

    geographic names

    21(a). is the application for a geographic name?
    yes

    protection of geographic names

    22. describe proposed measures for protection of geographic names at the second and other levels in the applied-for gtld.
    we as the istanbul metropolitan municipality will protect names with national or geographic significance by reserving the country and territory names at the second level and at all other levels within the tld, as per the requirements in the new tld registry agreement (specification 5, paragraph 5).

    we will employ a series of rules to translate the geographical names required to be reserved by specification 5, paragraph 5 to a form consistent with the "host names" format used in domain names.

    considering the governmental advisory committee (gac) advice “principles regarding new gtlds”, these domains will be blocked, at no cost to governments, public authorities, or igos, before the tld is introduced (sunrise), so that no parties may apply for them. we will publish a list of these names before sunrise, so our registrars and their prospective applicants can be aware that these names are reserved.

    we will define a procedure so that governments can request the above reserved domain(s) if they would like to take possession of them. this procedure will be based on existing methodology developed for the release of country names in the .info tld. for example, we will require a written request from the country’s gac representative, or a written request from the country’s relevant ministry or department. we will allow the designated beneficiary (the registrant) to register the name, with an accredited back-end registry provider registrar, possibly using an authorization number transmitted directly to the designated beneficiary in the country concerned.

    as defined by specification 5, paragraph 5, such geographic domains may be released to the extent that registry operator reaches agreement with the applicable government(s). registry operator will work with respective gac representatives of the country’s relevant ministry of department to obtain their release of the names to the registry operator.

    if internationalized domains names (idns) are introduced in the tld in the future, we will also reserve the idn versions of the country names in the relevant script(s) before idns become available to the public. if we find it advisable and practical, we will confer with relevant language authorities so that we can reserve the idn domains properly along with their variants.

    regarding gac advice regarding second-level domains not specified via specification 5, paragraph 5: all domains awarded to registrants are subject to the uniform domain name dispute.

    resolution policy (udrp), and to any properly-situated court proceeding. we will ensure appropriate procedures to allow governments, public authorities or igo’s to challenge abuses of names with national or geographic significance at the second level. in its registry-registrar agreement, and flowing down to registrar-registrant agreements, the registry operator will institute a provision to suspend domains names in the event of a dispute. we may exercise that right in the case of a dispute over a geographic name.

    registry services

    23. provide name and full description of all the registry services to be provided.
    throughout the technical portion (#23 - #44) of this application, answers are provided directly from afilias, the back-end provider of registry services for this tld. the istanbul metropolitan (the "imm") chose afilias as its back-end provider because afilias has more experience successfully applying to icann and launching new tlds than any other provider. afilias is the icann-contracted registry operator of the .info and .mobi tlds, and afilias is the back-end registry services provider for other icann tlds including .org, .asia, .aero, and .xxx.

    registry services for this tld will be performed by afilias in the same responsible manner used to support 16 top level domains today. afilias supports more icann-contracted tlds (6) than any other provider currently. afilias’ primary corporate mission is to deliver secure, stable and reliable registry services. this tld will utilize an existing, proven team and platform for registry services with:
    • a stable and secure, state-of-the-art, epp-based srs with ample storage capacity, data security provisions and scalability that is proven with registrars who account for over 95% of all gtld domain name registration activity (over 375 registrars);

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    (sakalli tavernaci - 23 Temmuz 2012 13:02)